White Horse Auto - Service & Repairs
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New New Jersey Inspection rules

New NJ inspection rules
 
Are you a vehicle owner in the state of NJ?  New Jersey no longer checks basic safety items during the biennial inspection of passenger vehicles. Vehicles that are from MY 1995 and older with a gross vehicle weight of less than 8500 lbs. now are no long required to be inspected at all.   It is now up to you as the vehicle owner to properly maintain all of your safety and emission components on your car.  This is a quote directly from the NJ MVC website.

When is it time for a new car?

One question that comes up repeatedly in the car repair business is “ Do you think it’s time for a new car?”  This question usually comes up just after someone has spent a good chunk of money on a large repair and now is faced with another looming expensive repair.  The thought of continuously dumping money into an older car month after month gets people thinking a new car payment may be less in the long run and I would have a new car with no issues and a warrantee.  With proper maintenance and repairs when needed almost any car can be kept on the road for many many years.  So what would be the killer failure that would render your car up for replacement?  One thought comes to mind and that is rust.  Any rust that compromises the overall structure of the vehicle will make it unsafe to drive and much less safe in a crash as the structure will not protect the passengers as the engineers intended.  Rust repair when done correctly is very expensive and can quickly overtake the value of the car itself.  Replacement or rebuilds of large components like the engine and transmission can also be very expensive.  The bottom line here is what works best for you financially.  Remember to always do all of the service at the intervals mapped out in your owner’s manual to get the longest life possible out of you vehicle in the first place.  Never put off servicing main safety items like tires, brakes and suspension.  It doesn’t make much sense to compromise your safety on the road to save a few bucks.  One of the main advantages to going with a new or newer model vehicles is advanced design.  Newer cars are cleaner, safer and more efficient with every passing model year, interior comfort and convenience has also improved vastly over the past few years.  On the other hand there is always a certain amount of pride in ownership of an older car that you maintained and cared for decades, some even consider an old car part of the family.  So what’s it going to be? New or stick with the old car? , it’s up to you.            

Common repair complaints

Common automotive repair complaints.
Today we will touch upon some common complaints that will have the customer bring the car in for repairs and their most likely causes. These are the types of complaints that many times have the customer trying to imitate the noise when explaining what they want check, this can be quit entertaining at times.  Remember a complete inspection of your car will be needed to verify the exact cause of your complaint. This list is just intended to give some insight on the common causes of these problems.

Some overlooked general maintenance tips

Some overlooked general maintenance
 
1. Brake flush. Your brake system is one of the most important safety features of your car, but also has one of the most overlook maintenance items on the car. The brake fluid itself. Everyone knows to periodically have the brakes check for wear, but did you know the brake fluid must be changed too. All non silicone brake fluids like DOT 3 & 4 are hydroscopic and absorbed moisture. Over time this will lower the boiling point and effectiveness of the fluid.

No Start Basics

Basic no start checks
 Before you throw in the towel and call AAA or your best friend that knows all about cars, take the time to do a few basic checks on your no start car. Who knows you may get it running, you will gain some insight on what's wrong at the very least.  First we can break down the no start complaint into two categories.  First is the engine that cranks normally and doesn’t start and then there is the turn the key and nothing happens no start. Lets start with the turn the key and nothing happens situation. When you turn the key and attempt to start the engine do all the dash lights come on for their normal bulb check? If not the battery may be completely dead or you have a bad connection at the battery. A good place to start looking is making sure there was nothing left on that would have drained the battery since you last used the car. Headlights left on, dome light on due to a door not closed all of the way, glove box light, anything obvious. Next give the battery cables a little twist to make sure they are tightly connected to the battery terminals. If they are loose tighten them up and give it another try. Still nothing? now it’s time to get an idea of what the battery voltage actually is. If you have a volt meter its time to break it out. A fully charged battery will have about 12.6 volts on a static no load test.  If the voltage is low you may just want to charge the battery or jump start it at this point. No voltmeter available, try turning on the headlights and see if they illuminate at their normal brightness, if they do your battery probably has close to 12.6 volts. If they are dim its time to recharge or jump start. If your car starts now make sure the charging voltage is good. Once the jumper cables are removed or the battery charger is disconnected and the car is running you should have around 13.5-14 volts at idle. 12.6 or less would indicate your charging system is not functioning and the car is not going to stay running for long without it. The battery charge or jump still yielded a no start condition, you may have a starter or wiring problem. Don’t overlook the stupid things, like is the car in park or neutral, clutch pushed down all the way? Anything that will cause the neutral safety switch to prevent the engine from cranking. Don’t laugh, I have seen cars towed in for things like this on more than one occasion. Now lets take a look at the car that cranks normally, but will not fire up. All gas spark ignition engines need three basic things to run, fuel/air, ignition and compression. Start from the easiest position first, the driver’s seat. Turn the key to the on position and look and listen. You  should hear the fuel pump prime for a few seconds and shut off. You should see the check engine light come on during the bulb check. Now crank the engine. Does the engine crank faster than normal?  Your looking for clues to the problem here. If the engine cranks faster than normal you may have a compression problem. A broken timing belt will cause this. Can’t hear the fuel pump prime? could be an electrical problem to the pump or more commonly a failed pump. If you have a helper try banging on the bottom of the fuel tank as your helper cranks the engine. This will sometime bring a stuck electric fuel pump to life temporarily. Keep in mind this only works on in tank pumps. If it fires up, you need to replace the pump. If you don’t see the check engine light come on during cranking you may have a power problem to the computer. Now its time to get a little dirty if you want to keep going. If you can access a spark plug lead you can check for spark. Pull the lead off of a spark plug and hold the end of the lead to a good safe ground like the engine block. You want to have the metal part of the lead about a half inch from the ground. A good ignition system will jump this gap easily with a nice bright spark when your helper cranks the engine. Be careful that you are not a better ground than the one you chose or you will find out what 30 thousand volts feels like as it shoots through you, it wont kill you, but it will wake you up! If you have good spark and still no start you can add some fuel to the intake to see if it will fire on that. Again be careful here, you want to try and diagnose the problem, not burn the car and you to the ground. Pull off the duct going to the throttle. Spray a little carburetor cleaner in there, you may want to open the throttle a little so it gets into the intake. Give it a crank now, if it sputters to life you can be pretty sure it’s a fuel problem. Depending on the make and model of your car there can be many different causes of lost fuel or spark. I’m not trying to give the fix for the problem here, just some direction to narrow down the cause of your no start condition. Your mechanical ability and tools available will be the determining factor in how far you will take your diagnoses and when you will give AAA a call for the tow to the shop. Also never overlook the basics. Is there fuel in the tank? is there an alarm system installed that is killing the ignition?  Sometimes a no start is a minor problem, give it a look before you send out that SOS, you may surprise yourself and get back on the road quickly and save a few bucks in the process.                    

Check Engine Light basics

Check Engine Light Basics
People have different reactions to the Check Engine Light (CEL) when it suddenly illuminates for what seems to be no reason. These range from, if I ignore it, it will go away, to stopping dead in their tracks thinking the car is going to explode. These days its easy to have the codes read for free at your local auto parts store or you can purchase an inexpensive code reader to the job. Keep in mind the codes only give direction in diagnosing and don’t always indicate what part has failed.

Spring A/C Check Up

Spring Time A/C Check
 

Now that the hot weather is very close it’s time to start thinking of your air conditioning system.  Most people think you just turn it on and if it works your good to go. That’s only part of the story, there is some maintenance that should be done to ensure the system is at it’s full capacity. First lets take a quick look at the system itself. Open the hood and take a look at all the hoses and compressor, is there any trace of oily deposits at hose connections or anyplace in the system? If so you may have a leak at that point. The refrigerant in the system carries oil in it to lubricate the compressor, as the refrigerant leaks out it will leave a tell tail sign in the form of an oily deposit. Check the condenser to make sure it is clear of dirt and leaves. A blocked condenser can lead to excessively high, high side pressure, reducing cooling efficiency. Make sure the compressor drive belt is in good condition and not loose. You may also want to check the evaporator drain tube for any blockage. A clogged drain tube can lead to some very wet carpets and a musty smell inside the car. This is also a great time to check and replace the cabin air filter if your car is equipped with one. If the system still does not cool properly or not at all it’s time to check system pressures. Low or no pressure would indicate a low or empty system. It is extremely important to have the correct type and amount of refrigerant charge in the system, to little or too much refrigerant will adversely effect performance. It is highly recommended taking your car to a trained pro to take care of the recovery and charging of refrigerant. It is against the law to vent CFC refrigerants into the atmosphere. Remember White Horse Auto is fully equipped to service you’re A/C system. 

Spring Check up.

Now that Spring is finally here it’s time to give your car it’s Spring check up. Stop in for a complete vehicle inspection. Make sure all of your cars vital systems are in good condition and ready for the added driving most of us do in the nicer months ahead. This is also a great time to treat your car to a good cleaning, especially the undercarriage. For those of us living in the snow belt now is the time to remove all remaining traces of road salt to prevent rust and corrosion. If you are unable to do it yourself look for a carwash that offers undercarriage cleaning, also make sure all of you body drains in the doors and fender areas are clear of dirt. Blocked drain holes allow water and salt to remain trapped in the car’s body causing sever rust. A little maintenance now will go a long way in keeping you car or truck in top condition.    

Maintenance Schedule

Take care of your car, use your maintenance schedule. Did you know one of the best ways to keep your car running it's best and lasting for years to come is to follow your manufacturers maintenance schedule. The best place to find it is your owner's manual. If you don't have one please stop by or call and we can provide you with this valuable information.   
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